The incident, filmed by bystanders on June 26 at a Trader Joe’s in North Hollywood, California, shows a woman yelling at employees and throwing her shopping basket after being asked to put a mask on while inside the store.
“I have a breathing problem! My doctor would not let me wear masks!” the woman in the video said. “Anyone harassing me to wear a mask, you guys are violating federal laws! Get that on camera!”
Keeping schools closed comes with massive, long-term individual and societal costs. Many children cannot effectively learn, grow, engage, socialize, be active, eat healthy food, or get support until schools reopen.
Parents and caregivers cannot go back to work until children go back to school. Knowing that schools will reopen at some point, we set out to answer this question: what strategies should schools consider to reduce risk of COVID-19 transmission?
Note that a risk reduction strategy is different from a goal of achieving zero cases. There is no such thing as ‘zero risk’, in anything we do, and certainly not during a pandemic.
However, scientific evidence indicates that risks to students and staff can be kept low if schools adhere to strict control measures and dynamically respond to potential outbreaks.
We recognize there are immense challenges. There is no perfect plan to reopen schools safely, only ‘less bad’ options. There is no ‘one size fits all’ strategy that works for every school. Schools have limited budgets and staff. Compliance will be imperfect. Learning will be different. There will be disruption. Schools may need to reclose unexpectedly depending on local conditions. No one knows with certainty what the fall will bring in terms of this pandemic.
Despite these challenges, the enormous individual and societal costs of keeping schools closed compels us, a team focused on Healthy Buildings and exposure and risk science, to present a range of control strategies that should be considered in discussions of school reopenings:
HEALTHY CLASSROOMS: Following safe practices in classrooms
HEALTHY BUILDINGS: Breathing clean air in the school building
HEALTHY POLICIES: Building a culture of health, safety, and shared responsibility
HEALTHY SCHEDULES: Moving between rooms and locations safely
HEALTHY ACTIVITIES: Enjoying modified activities
Schools should adopt and adapt these recommendations to best fit their unique situation, depending on available personnel, resources, finances, school demographics, and building attributes. In addition, schools should frequently revisit their approach as the COVID-19 situation changes over time in each community. Although it is unlikely that any given school will be able to incorporate every recommendation, we want to emphasize that these strategies work together as part of a multi-layered plan to reduce exposure and limit transmission of COVID-19 in schools.
The requirements in this presentation are in reference to Michigan’s current Executive
Order 2020-114 and recommendations from OSHA and the CDC. The best practice and guidance information provided in this presentation, follows information and guidance provided through the CDC and OSHA, as of June 8, 2020
Food Selling Establishments: For the purposes of Executive Order 109, “food-selling establishments” means grocery stores, convenience stores, restaurants that sell
groceries or food available for takeout, and any other business that sells food.
Employers who sell groceries or food for takeout should review and implement
components of Executive Order 109 if applicable.
Employers should continue to review CDC and OSHA websites, to ensure their
workplace policies and procedures are based on the most up-to-date information
Every Community Provider of Services for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental
Disabilities is responsible for daily operations and management of its COVID-19 response
and must be prepared to manage daily operations during an emergency or other disruption
to its normal routine.
The Division of Developmental Disabilities expects providers of residential and day services
to adhere to the standards and best practices outlined herein as they prepare for and
respond to COVID-19.
During these challenging times, government and faith communities throughout
Texas need to work together to love our neighbors and slow the spread of Coronavirus.
To facilitate this collaboration, State and local governments must clearly articulate
their directives aimed at mitigating spread of the virus. This updated joint guidance
from the Office of the Attorney General and the Office of the Governor is the official
guidance regarding the effect of Executive Order GA 16 on religious services
conducted in churches, congregations, and houses of worship.
This document provides guidance for hair salons and barbershops to support a safe,
clean environment for workers and customers. Services for these operations must be
limited to services that can be provided with both the worker and customer wearing
face coverings for the entirety of the service. For example, haircuts, weaves and
extensions, braiding, lock maintenance, wig maintenance, hair relaxing treatments,
and color services can be provided. Services that cannot be performed with face
coverings on both the worker and customer or that require touching the customer’s
face, e.g., eyelash services, eyebrow waxing and threading, facials, etc., should be
suspended until those types of services are allowed to resume. Hair salon or barbershop
owners or operators must acknowledge that lessees should only resume operations
when they are ready and able to implement the necessary safety measures to provide
for their safety and that of their customers. The guidance is not intended to revoke or
repeal any employee rights, either statutory, regulatory or collectively bargained and is
not exhaustive, as it does not include county health orders, nor is it a substitute for any
existing safety and health-related regulatory requirements such as those of Cal/OSHA or
the California Board of Barbering and Cosmetology.
Stay current on changes to public health guidance and state/local orders, as the COVID-19 situation continues. Cal/OSHA has more comprehensive guidance on their Cal/OSHA General Guidelines on Protecting Workers from COVID-19 webpage. CDC has additional requirements in their guidance for businesses and employers.
Guidance for infection control and prevention of COVID-19. This additional guidance to behavioral health residential facilities will help them improve infection control and prevention practices to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, including guidance for visitation.
Coordination with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and state, tribal, local and territorial public health agencies/departments.
We encourage all behavioral health residential facilities to monitor the CDC website at www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov for information and resources and to contact their state, tribal, local and territorial public health agencies/departments, mental health and substance use, and human services agencies and regulatory bodies for local guidance and more localized up-todate-alerts and recommendations.